Robotics, the hottest think tank, will become an i

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Think tank of the United States: robot technology will become an important driving force for the future economy

robot technology will achieve a qualitative leap

the report believes that two developments mark a turning point in robot technology and realize the improvement of quantity and quality

the first dynamic is that willilow garage, founded by Scott Hassan, a former designer of Google, developed the first open source universal robot operating system (ROS). Now, the operating system has been widely used by researchers and related industries. In addition, the company has also developed a two arm, wheeled humanoid robot

the 300000 ton biological composite material project and the composite material project for additive manufacturing (3D printing) of Xinda phase 2 were signed and settled in Shunqing District, Nanchong City, Sichuan Province. The two dynamics are the invention of the robot Baxter. Baxter is the next generation of mobile humanoid robots that can work with people. Its emergence is a technological breakthrough, and the biggest innovation is in price. Unlike many industrial robots that cost up to $300000, Baxter sells for only $22000

robots will bring manufacturing back to the United States

in the United States, the development of robot technology, like the shale gas revolution, is the result of substantive research and development work of the government, enterprises and universities in the past 20 years. The governments of the United States, Japan, South Korea and Europe have invested heavily and cooperated with powerful domestic private enterprises to develop robot technology. By 2030, the robots used by humans will develop from Roomba vacuum cleaners, robot lawnmowers, single task industrial robots and unmanned aircraft to driverless cars and personal service robots

the report emphasizes that robotics will bring manufacturing back to the United States. The United States has about 120000 industrial robots, second only to Japan and Italy. According to the statistics of the International Federation of Robotics (IFR) in 2011, there are more than 400000 industrial robots in the world. Robots were originally concentrated in the automotive industry, but now they have begun to expand to the assembly of electronic products, and are increasingly used in the packaging, distribution and transportation of food, beverages and other products

According to the report, Foxconn will be a typical example of robot technology changing the workplace. The company has about 1.2 million Chinese employees and assembles about 40% of the world's consumer electronics products. It has announced that it will purchase 1million robots in the next three years. This means that robots will increasingly undertake jobs that require low skilled, repetitive manual labor

robot technology has caused controversy

there has been a heated debate around robot technology, economists and social analysts, especially technology optimists and technology pessimists. The core question is whether this transformative technology will bring new creative climax and civilized prosperity to mankind, or will it lead to the intensification of human poverty and enter a bad situation of aimlessness and unhappiness. The report believes that all parties have convincing reasons, so it is too early to draw a conclusion on how robot technology will affect the future society. The specific views of all parties are as follows:

technology optimists believe that the combination of robot technology with 3D printing, nano manufacturing, nano biotechnology and more powerful artificial intelligence can strengthen the trend of local customized production, marketing and distribution, and produce some new industries and manufacturing fields. The commercialization of robots will benefit small and medium-sized enterprises and promote economic democratization. At the same time, the trend of robotics/digital economy will play a great role in health care, especially in the welfare management of the elderly population

technology pessimists say that technological progress will lead to more and more income inequality, and wealth will be concentrated among technology owners. At the same time, robot technology also has several dark sides, that is, the real and potential risks and moral and social impacts of this technology. For example, no matter how smart a machine is, it may fail; As AI involves software, it also faces the problem of hackers. The possible social impacts of the application of robots include: the decline of medical staff skills in the medical field; Reduce teacher-student interaction and affect the learning process in education; Robots taking care of the disabled and the elderly will cause psychological and emotional problems and so on

countries should seek advantages and avoid disadvantages in the use of robots

the report believes that although there are many disputes about robot technology, robots will be an important part of the future social and economic landscape, and can only rely on technological innovation ". The economic, social, political and strategic consequences of this change will affect all levels of government

facing the new technological revolution, countries currently lack planning and fail to fully understand the impact of emerging technologies. At the same time, there is also a gap between the scientific and technological community and the government in formulating and implementing economic, urban and foreign policies. Therefore, the report calls on governments to strengthen cooperation with the private sector, seriously consider the consequences of the upcoming robot technology explosion and the rapidly approaching technological revolution, and mitigate the adverse effects of certain developments

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