How to set the energy-saving goal of the 12th Five

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How to set the energy-saving goal of the 12th Five Year Plan

since the end of 2010, the discussion on the 12th Five Year Plan energy conservation goals has been heating up. 20% said, 18% said, 16% said, and so on. Which data is reliable, and why do these data come from? Recently, I interviewed relevant experts and people from government departments

Xie Zhenhua, deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission, said in November 2010 that during the 12th Five Year Plan period, carbon intensity and energy intensity will be reduced, the proportion of non fossil energy, forest area and volume will become binding indicators in the 12th Five Year Plan

in addition, the Ministry of environmental protection has made it clear that China will continue to strengthen pollution reduction during the 12th Five Year Plan period. The emission reduction of such materials can not only improve the resolution of the display, but also change the beam index from two to four during the 11th Five Year Plan period, and ammonia nitrogen and nitrogen oxides have become two new binding indicators

it can be seen that after the heavy pressure of the eleventh five year plan, the task of energy conservation and emission reduction has increased instead of decreasing in the twelfth five year plan, and the situation is more serious

Yang Fuqiang, director of the global climate change response program of the World Wide Fund for nature, said in an interview with this newspaper that it is impossible to change the mode of economic growth in the 12th Five year plan without a strong grasp, which is the intensity of energy conservation goals and carbon intensity

the energy-saving goal of about 20% in the 12th Five Year Plan is completely achievable. It is wrong to rely on the goal of energy conservation to the goal of carbon reduction. Energy conservation is not only to cope with climate change, but also related to the security of energy supply. Yang Fuqiang explained the relationship between the two: China promised to reduce carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40% and 45% by 2020. If calculated at 41%, the energy consumption target per unit of GDP would be reduced by 16%. If calculated at 45%, the corresponding reduction would be 18%

Yang Fuqiang believes that the development of renewable energy will not change much in the next five years. Renewable energy rose from 9% in 2010 to 15% in 2015, accounting for only 5% or 6% of the total energy intensity if converted into carbon dioxide emissions. So the carbon intensity is basically equal to the energy intensity, and the carbon intensity is a little lower

Zhou Hongchun, a researcher from the Department of social development of the development research center of the State Council, participated in the drafting of the national 12th Five Year Plan for energy conservation and emission reduction. In an interview with this newspaper, he said that the 12th Five Year Plan for energy conservation and carbon dioxide emission reduction indicators cannot be too high, but should be lower than the 11th five year plan. There are two reasons. First, the phenomenon of power rationing in some places at the end of 2010 violates the purpose of energy conservation. Secondly, the difficulty of energy conservation and emission reduction is increasing, and it will rely more on technological innovation and structural adjustment, which is obviously not a day's work

in this regard, Hu min, director of the low carbon project of the Beijing Representative Office of the energy foundation, said that power rationing is to some extent a pain in the transformation of policy implementation methods. We should look at this process comprehensively, and we should not doubt the long-term nature of energy conservation and emission reduction policies because of short-term phenomena. We cannot therefore doubt whether the goal is set too high, or the affordability of local governments and enterprises cannot be reached. These are two problems. Hu min believes that a higher index is good for long-term policy implementation

an interview with the national development and Reform Commission revealed that the situation facing the 12th Five Year Plan is more severe than the 11th five year plan. After eating the meat in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan, the rest is hard to chew bones. The specific value of the 12th Five Year Plan energy conservation goal will be between%

the friction and wear experimental machine is the problem of the switching point between stress speed and strain speed. The precautions for the operation safety of the experimental machine are not only for the normal operation of the experimental machine

the adjustment of the assessment method is imminent

Zhou, Minister of environmental protection, uses this kind of material. Sheng Xian pointed out that the decomposition of emission reduction tasks will take into account the differences in the economic development of Eastern, central and western regions, and treat them differently. In addition, it should also be combined with the completion of emission reduction tasks in various regions during the eleventh five year plan, And the environmental quality of various places

how to allocate the tasks of energy conservation and emission reduction has become a focus of concern for local governments. According to the policy-making department, all localities are bargaining with the central government. For example, the Guangdong Economic and Information Technology Commission called on the state to appropriately reduce Guangdong's energy-saving goals

insiders said that although it is important to set goals, it is more critical to implement them to ensure the achievement of goals. Among the annual keywords selected by this newspaper at the end of 2010, power rationing by switching off is on the list. Experts interviewed have pointed out that in order to solve this problem, we must adjust the assessment methods of China's energy-saving goals

some places engage in power rationing, not to complete the energy-saving task in 2010, but to reduce the whole energy consumption in the eleventh five year plan through this method. This is playing tricks. In fact, it has consumed a lot of energy. To put an end to this phenomenon, we must change the assessment method of five-year general ledger to one examination every year. Yang Fuqiang believes that the energy consumption in the 12th Five year plan should be in a straight line rather than a curve with great fluctuations. Specifically, the annual energy consumption data can fluctuate up and down the set value, but the gap should not be too large. Otherwise, it may be like during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, excessive arbitrary emissions in previous years, and finally raids

Hu Min said that the stability of the policy is very important to avoid shock phenomena such as switching off and power rationing. As a rational economic entity, if an enterprise knows its energy-saving task at the beginning and how much coal, electricity and oil it can use within five years, it will make a long-term judgment and reasonably arrange production. There is no legal basis for the government's ultra vires to enterprises, or the damage to the interests of enterprises. The policy should be long-term and stable from the beginning

kangyanbing, director of the CDM project management center of the Energy Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission, pointed out that energy conservation measures should be changed during the 12th Five Year Plan period. From excessive administrative means to market means, including price means, fiscal and tax means, as well as means of exploring transactions during the 12th Five Year Plan period, such as energy-saving transactions, carbon trading, etc. From energy-saving in high energy consuming enterprises to more scattered small and medium-sized enterprises, we should tap into energy-saving potential. Civil, commercial, construction, transportation and other fields will become the focus of energy conservation and emission reduction. Kang Yanbing especially pointed out that we should change the mode of production and consumption and advocate an economical development mode. There should never be extravagance and waste, including those in life and development. Many parts of our country are keen to blow up buildings and demolish roads. Buildings with a history of one or two hundred years can be found everywhere in Europe and the United States, while the life span of buildings in our country is only 20 or 30 years. Such development is not feasible

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